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Tags Input

Tag inputs render tags inside an input, followed by an actual text input. By default, tags are added when text is typed in the input field and the Enter or Comma key is pressed. Throughout the interaction, DOM focus remains on the input element.



  • Typing in the input and pressing enter will add new items.
  • Clear button to reset all tags values.
  • Add tags by pasting into the input.
  • Delete tags on backspace.
  • Edit tags after creation.
  • Limit the number of tags.
  • Navigate tags with keyboard.
  • Custom validation to accept/reject tags.


To use the tags input machine in your project, run the following command in your command line:

npm install @zag-js/tags-input @zag-js/react # or yarn add @zag-js/tags-input @zag-js/react


To set up the tags input correctly, you'll need to understand its anatomy and how we name its parts.

Each part includes a data-part attribute to help identify them in the DOM.


First, import the tags input package into your project

import * as tagsInput from "@zag-js/tags-input"

The tags input package exports two key functions:

  • machine — The state machine logic for the tags input widget.
  • connect — The function that translates the machine's state to JSX attributes and event handlers.

You'll also need to provide a unique id to the useMachine hook. This is used to ensure that every part has a unique identifier.

Next, import the required hooks and functions for your framework and use the tags input machine in your project 🔥

import * as tagsInput from "@zag-js/tags-input" import { useMachine, normalizeProps } from "@zag-js/react" export function TagsInput() { const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ id: "1", value: ["React", "Vue"], }), ) const api = tagsInput.connect(state, send, normalizeProps) return ( <div {...api.rootProps}> {, index) => ( <span key={index} {...api.getItemProps({ index, value })}> <div {...api.getItemPreviewProps({ index, value })}> <span>{value} </span> <button {...api.getItemDeleteTriggerProps({ index, value })}> &#x2715; </button> </div> <input {...api.getItemInputProps({ index, value })} /> </span> ))} <input placeholder="Add tag..." {...api.inputProps} /> </div> ) }

When the input has an empty value or the caret is at the start position, the tags can be selected by using the arrow left and arrow right keys. When "visual" focus in on any tag:

  • Pressing Enter or double clicking on the tag will put the it in edit mode, allowing the user change its value and press Enter to commit the changes.
  • Pressing Delete or Backspace will delete the tag that has "visual" focus.

Setting the initial tags

To set the initial tag values, pass the value property in the machine's context.

const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ value: ["React", "Redux", "TypeScript"], }), )

Removing all tags

The tags input will remove all tags when the clear button is clicked. To remove all tags, use the provided clearButtonProps function from the api.

//... <div {...api.controlProps}> <input {...api.inputProps} /> <button {...api.clearButtonProps} /> </div> //...

To programmatically remove all tags, use the api.clearAll() method that's available in the connect.

Usage within forms

The tags input works when placed within a form and the form is submitted. We achieve this by:

  • ensuring we emit the input event as the value changes.
  • adding a name and value attribute to a hidden input so the tags can be accessed in the FormData.

To get this feature working you need to pass a name option to the context and render the hiddenInput element.

const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ name: "tags", value: ["React", "Redux", "TypeScript"], }), )

Limiting the number of tags

To limit the number of tags within the component, you can set the max property to the limit you want. The default value is Infinity.

When the tag reaches the limit, new tags cannot be added except the allowOverflow option is passed to the context.

const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ max: 10, allowOverflow: true, }), )

Validating Tags

Before a tag is added, the machine provides a validate function you can use to determine whether to accept or reject a tag.

A common use-case for validating tags is preventing duplicates or validating the data type.

const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ validate(details) { return !details.values.includes(details.inputValue) }, }), )

Blur behavior

When the tags input is blurred, you can configure the action the machine should take by passing the blurBehavior option to the context.

  • "add" — Adds the tag to the list of tags.
  • "clear" — Clears the tags input value.
const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ blurBehavior: "add", }), )

Paste behavior

To add a tag when a arbritary value is pasted in the input element, pass the addOnPaste option.

When a value is pasted, the machine will:

  • check if the value is a valid tag based on the validate option
  • split the value by the delimiter option passed
const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ addOnPaste: true, }), )

Disable tag editing

by default the tags can be edited by double clicking on the tag or focusing on them and pressing Enter. To disable this behavior, pass the allowEditTag: false

const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ allowEditTag: false, }), )

Listening for events

During the lifetime of the tags input interaction, here's a list of events we emit:

  • onValueChange — invoked when the tag value changes.
  • onHighlightChange — invoked when a tag has visual focus.
  • onValueInvalid — invoked when the max tag count is reached or the validate function returns false.
const [state, send] = useMachine( tagsInput.machine({ onValueChange(details) { // details => { value: string[] } console.log("tags changed to:", details.value) }, onHighlightChange(details) { // details => { value: string } console.log("highlighted tag:", details.value) }, onValueInvalid(details) { console.log("Invalid!", details.reason) }, }), )

Styling guide

Earlier, we mentioned that each accordion part has a data-part attribute added to them to select and style them in the DOM.

Focused state

The combobox input is focused when the user clicks on the input element. In this focused state, the root, label, input.

[data-part="root"][data-focus] { /* styles for root focus state */ } [data-part="label"][data-focus] { /* styles for label focus state */ } [data-part="input"]:focus { /* styles for input focus state */ }

Invalid state

When the tags input is invalid by setting the invalid: true in the machine's context, the data-invalid attribute is set on the root, input, control, and label.

[data-part="root"][data-invalid] { /* styles for invalid state for root */ } [data-part="label"][data-invalid] { /* styles for invalid state for label */ } [data-part="input"][data-invalid] { /* styles for invalid state for input */ }

Disabled state

When the tags input is disabled by setting the disabled: true in the machine's context, the data-disabled attribute is set on the root, input, control and label.

[data-part="root"][data-disabled] { /* styles for disabled state for root */ } [data-part="label"][data-disabled] { /* styles for disabled state for label */ } [data-part="input"][data-disabled] { /* styles for disabled state for input */ } [data-part="control"][data-disabled] { /* styles for disabled state for control */ }

When a tag is disabled, the data-disabled attribute is set on the tag.

[data-part="item-preview"][data-disabled] { /* styles for disabled tag */ }

Highlighted state

When a tag is highlighted via the keyboard navigation or pointer hover, a data-highlighted attribute is set on the tag.

[data-part="item-preview"][data-highlighted] { /* styles for visual focus */ }

Readonly state

When the tags input is in its readonly state, the data-readonly attribute is set on the root, label, input and control.

[data-part="root"][data-readonly] { /* styles for readonly for root */ } [data-part="control"][data-readonly] { /* styles for readonly for control */ } [data-part="input"][data-readonly] { /* styles for readonly for input */ } [data-part="label"][data-readonly] { /* styles for readonly for label */ }

Methods and Properties

Machine Context

The tags input machine exposes the following context properties:

  • idsPartial<{ root: string; input: string; clearBtn: string; label: string; control: string; item(opts: ItemProps): string; }>The ids of the elements in the tags input. Useful for composition.
  • translationsIntlTranslationsSpecifies the localized strings that identifies the accessibility elements and their states
  • maxLengthnumberThe max length of the input.
  • delimiterstringThe character that serves has: - event key to trigger the addition of a new tag - character used to split tags when pasting into the input
  • autoFocusbooleanWhether the input should be auto-focused
  • disabledbooleanWhether the tags input should be disabled
  • readOnlybooleanWhether the tags input should be read-only
  • invalidbooleanWhether the tags input is invalid
  • allowEditTagbooleanWhether a tag can be edited after creation. If `true` and focus is on a tag, pressing `Enter`or double clicking will edit the tag.
  • inputValuestringThe tag input's value
  • valuestring[]The tag values
  • onValueChange(details: ValueChangeDetails) => voidCallback fired when the tag values is updated
  • onHighlightChange(details: HighlightChangeDetails) => voidCallback fired when a tag is highlighted by pointer or keyboard navigation
  • onValueInvalid(details: ValidityChangeDetails) => voidCallback fired when the max tag count is reached or the `validateTag` function returns `false`
  • validate(details: ValidateArgs) => booleanReturns a boolean that determines whether a tag can be added. Useful for preventing duplicates or invalid tag values.
  • blurBehavior"clear" | "add"The behavior of the tags input when the input is blurred - `"add"`: add the input value as a new tag - `"none"`: do nothing - `"clear"`: clear the input value
  • addOnPastebooleanWhether to add a tag when you paste values into the tag input
  • maxnumberThe max number of tags
  • allowOverflowbooleanWhether to allow tags to exceed max. In this case, we'll attach `data-invalid` to the root
  • namestringThe name attribute for the input. Useful for form submissions
  • formstringThe associate form of the underlying input element.
  • dir"ltr" | "rtl"The document's text/writing direction.
  • idstringThe unique identifier of the machine.
  • getRootNode() => ShadowRoot | Node | DocumentA root node to correctly resolve document in custom environments. E.x.: Iframes, Electron.
  • onPointerDownOutside(event: PointerDownOutsideEvent) => voidFunction called when the pointer is pressed down outside the component
  • onFocusOutside(event: FocusOutsideEvent) => voidFunction called when the focus is moved outside the component
  • onInteractOutside(event: InteractOutsideEvent) => voidFunction called when an interaction happens outside the component

Machine API

The tags input api exposes the following methods:

  • isEmptybooleanWhether the tags are empty
  • inputValuestringThe value of the tags entry input.
  • valuestring[]The value of the tags as an array of strings.
  • valueAsStringstringThe value of the tags as a string.
  • countnumberThe number of the tags.
  • isAtMaxbooleanWhether the tags have reached the max limit.
  • setValue(value: string[]) => voidFunction to set the value of the tags.
  • clearValue(id?: string) => voidFunction to clear the value of the tags.
  • addValue(value: string) => voidFunction to add a tag to the tags.
  • setValueAtIndex(index: number, value: string) => voidFunction to set the value of a tag at the given index.
  • setInputValue(value: string) => voidFunction to set the value of the tags entry input.
  • clearInputValue() => voidFunction to clear the value of the tags entry input.
  • focus() => voidFunction to focus the tags entry input.
  • getItemState(props: ItemProps) => ItemStateReturns the state of a tag


Keyboard Interactions

  • ArrowLeft
    Moves focus to the previous tag item
  • ArrowRight
    Moves focus to the next tag item
  • Backspace
    Deletes the tag item that has visual focus or the last tag item
  • Enter
    When a tag item has visual focus, it puts the tag in edit mode.
    When the input has focus, it adds the value to the list of tags
  • Delete
    Deletes the tag item that has visual focus
  • Control + V
    When `addOnPaste` is set. Adds the pasted value as a tags

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